Mount Kilimanjaro Facts – Discover Everything You Want to Know
Must Know Mount Kilimanjaro Facts
Mount Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania near the border of Kenya. It is just south of the equator and is the tallest free standing mountain in the world. The height of Mt Kilimanjaro is a staggering 19,340 feet and is commonly nicknamed the Roof of Africa.
The three main volcanic peaks of Mt Kilimanjaro are called Shira, Mawenzi and Kibo. Shira is the oldest peak while Kibo is the youngest. Uhuru Peak is located on the southern rim and is the highest point of the mountain. It is said that Mt Kilimanjaro started forming some 750,000 years ago and is now the largest belt of volcanoes across northern Tanzania.
Although it is a strato volcano it is classified as dormant, which means it is not extinct. The last major eruption occurred on Kibo peak about 360,000 years ago. While the last actual volcanic activity was reported about 200 years ago and is the cause for today’s ash pit.
Widely known for its ice caps, it is interesting to note that since 1912 Mt Kilimanjaro has lost almost 82% of its ice caps and since 1962 it has lost 55% of its remaining glaciers. Forecasters predict that over the next 30-40 years Mt Kilimanjaro may lose the plateau ice but the slope glaciers will remain for a much longer period.
Vegetation on Mt. Kilimanjaro consists of Savanna bush land, Sub-montane agro-forest, montane forest belt (rain forest), sub-alpine moorland and alpine bogs and the alpine desert. Mount Kilimanjaro contains virtually every eco-system on earth, which is one of the most interesting Mount Kilimanjaro facts. It will take you through several climates and amazing vegetative zones.
Wildlife is Abundant on Mt Kilimanjaro
It houses over 140 species of mammals, 179 species of birds, and at least 7 larger mammal species above the tree line, including buffalo and elephants. You may also see three primate species including the blue monkey, the black and white colobus and bushbaby in the montane forests.
Mt Kilimanjaro was opened to the public in 1977 as a National Park and know it attracts climbers from around the globe. You do not need to be an expert climber to climb Mount Kilimanjaro, but you do need to be in sound physical condition and have a reasonable fitness level. The best time to climb is during the less rainy season which is January to mid March and June to October. Although inclement weather can occur at time, you are less likely to experience the harsh rainy season during these times. Check out more information about Mount Kilimanjaro weather.
On the 1st of January 2000 over 1000 people reached the summit to see the sun rise over a new Millennium, which was a pretty incredible feat.
This entry was posted on Thursday, September 9th, 2010 at and is filed under Mount Kilimanjaro. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.